SEYMOUR I. SCHWARTZ is a well-known surgeon who has served as president of both the American College of Surgeons and the American Surgical Society, and was chair of the Department of Surgery at the University of Rochester. His longtime interest in American history led to his participation on the Board of the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of American History. His previous books on American history include The French and Indian War. THE HON. BARBER B. CONABLE, JR., served as a U.S. Congressman from New York State for 20 years and as president of the World Bank for five years. He is currently chair of the Executive Committee of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.